Encyclopedia of Latin America – 1917
Port Royal – That town, once a place of great wealth and importance, was ruined by repeated calamities. “On 7 June 1692 happened that earthquake which swallowed up a great part of Port Royal,” says Edwards, who explains that the town “was chiefly built on a bank of sand, adhering to a rock in the sea, and a very slight concussion, aided by the weight of the buildings, would probably have accomplished its destruction. “Hurricanes in 1712 and 1722, and a conflagration 13 July 1815, completed the work of obliteration.
Toward the close of the 18th Century the island was occupied by large plantations, and was exceedingly productive. Before that time 610,000 slaves had been landed at Port Royal. The freeing of the negroes resulted in the abandonment of the island by many landlords. The effort to regain the lost prosperity through diversified agriculture has already been mentioned. In August 1903 a hurricane inflicted great injury at several points in Jamaica, and on the Cayman Islands. On 14 Jan. 1907 Jamaica was visited by a disastrous earthquake which (“in ten seconds,” Treves says) almost entirely destroyed Kingston.